Duronto Express

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Duranto Express train from Nizzamuddin to Pune

Duronto (Bengali: দুরন্ত; "quick") Express trains are a set of specialized rail services by Indian Railways like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express trains. These are the non-stop point to point rail services introduced for the second time in the history of India.[1] The Sampark Kranti trains being the first which were introduced during the railway budget by the then rail minister Mr. Lalu Prasad Yadav during 2004-2005. However due to poor patronage, these trains which anyway had only technical halts were given commercial stops.

These services connect the metros and major state capitals of India. Introduced in the Indian Rail Budget 2009-10, these trains run non-stop from source and destinations with some technical and crew halts in the journey. The Duronto express trains are projected to be the fastest trains in India.

Contents

Background

The fastest train in India is the Bhopal Shatabdi Express[2] which runs at a maximum speed of 150 km/h.[3] But the Ministry of Railways (India) wanted to introduce the service of high speed rail in India.In 2007, the ministry, chose the 500-kilometre stretch between Delhi and Amritsar for a pre-feasibility study.[4] The cost for setting up the Delhi-Amritsar corridor is estimated to be around Rs 25,000 crore.On 19 January 2009, the former Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav said that his ministry was in the process of appointing global consultants for introducing the high-speed trains on certain routes.Besides the Delhi-Amritsar route, Pune-Mumbai-Ahmedabad, Hyderabad-Dornakal-Vijaywada-Chennai, Chennai-Bangalore-Coimbatore-Ernakulam and Howrah-Haldia.[5] But, this High Speed rail service for India is expected to be completed on a long run. Meanwhile,[6] the new Railway minister of India, Mamata Banerjee announced the introduction of the reasonably high speed rail service, Duronto, in the Indian Rail budget 2009-10.[7]

Controversies

Due to strong protest lodged by the MPs from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh[8] for the negligence of their state in allotting the Duronto services, the Union Railway Minister, Mamata Banerjee (as of 2009) made an announcement of two more Duronto Services.

Passenger Services

With four different classes of accommodation, the Duronto trains provide more passenger facilities than any other train service on Indian Railways. These classes are AC First Class (1A), AC Two Tier(2A), AC Three Tier(3A) and Three Tier Economy(3E). The livery of these trains is painted splashes of colours.[9] The colour scheme shows greenery with runners legs in blue. Pantry cars are also provided in the trains where the costs of the meals are included in the ticket itself.[10]

Fare

The fares for the Duronto trains are less than other prestigious super fast rail services such as the Rajdhani Express which ply the same routes. The fare in the new "Economy" AC 3-tier class (similar to that of Garib Rath Express)[10] of the Duronto is marginally more than the fares of the standard AC 3-tier class because [11] the fares include food and catering costs.

The AC 3 tier economy class(3E class) introduced Side Middle Berths (SM), increasing the capacity of each coach from 72 to 81 passengers. This enables the trains to carry more passengers and consequently reduce waiting lists on these busy routes as well as the ticket costs. However, the class was discontinued from the New Delhi-Sealdah Duronto Express after passenger protests.

On board Amenities

The Duronto services would consist of five classes[11] of accommodation namely First AC, Two-tier AC, Three-tier AC, Economy Three-tier AC (similar to that of Garib Rath Express[10]) and Non AC Sleeper Class (Available in Mumbai-Nagpur Duronto, Secunderabad New Delhi Duranto, Howrah-Yeshwantapur Duronto and New Delhi - Allahabad Duronto). The Rakes comprise ICF coaches used in the Rajdhanis and Garib Raths earlier.Each Duronto coach is 24 metres long,[9] compared to the regular coach length of 22.3 metres. The distance between coaches is less too - 460 mm instead of the regular 960 mm.[9]

Besides unique safety and hygiene features like dustbins and fire extinguishers, the coaches have sleeker designs for bottle holders and switches, mobile charging points, sliding transparent doors between coaches, and LED night lamps instead of regular fluorescent lights.[9]

The train is built of stainless steel (which makes the coaches lighter by about two tonnes each), which is lighter, anti-corrosive and more durable than the conventional 'corten steel'. An important safety feature is the central buffer couplers whose enhanced load capacity makes the train derailment-proof.[9]

Efficiency and Speed

The Duronto Expresses are one of the fastest trains in India. These trains run faster than Rajdhani Express[12] trains which hold the record of the [13]

List of Duronto Express trains

As of March 2011

Pair Train Number Train Name Train Source Stn Source Dep. Time Train Destination Stn Dest. Arr. Time
1 12213 DURONTO EXPRESS YESVANTPUR JN 23:40 DELHI S ROHILLA 06:50
12214 YPR DURONTO EXP DELHI S ROHILLA 23:00 YESVANTPUR JN 07:30
2 12219 SC DURONTO EXP LOKMANYATILAK T 23:05 SECUNDERABAD JN 11:05
12220 DURONTO AC EXP SECUNDERABAD JN 23:05 LOKMANYATILAK T 11:05
3 12221 HOWRAH DURONTO PUNE JN 15:15 HOWRAH JN 19:40
12222 HWH PUNE DURONTO HOWRAH JN 08:20 PUNE JN 11:35
4 12223 LTT ERS DURONTO LOKMANYATILAK T 20:50 ERANAKULAM JN 17:45
12224 ERS LTT DURONTO ERANAKULAM JN 21:30 LOKMANYATILAK T 18:15
5 12227 INDORE DURONTO MUMBAI CENTRAL 23:15 INDORE JN BG 11:15
12228 MUMBAI DURONTO INDORE JN BG 23:00 MUMBAI CENTRAL 12:05
6 12243 DURANTO CHENNAI CENTRAL 06:50 COIMBATORE JN 13:30
12244 DURANTO EXP COIMBATORE JN 15:05 CHENNAI CENTRAL 21:50
7 12245 HWH YPR DURONTO HOWRAH JN 11:00 YESVANTPUR JN 16:00
12246 DURONTO EXPRESS YESVANTPUR JN 11:15 HOWRAH JN 16:00
8 12259 SDAH DURONTO EX SEALDAH 18:40 NEW DELHI 11:00
12260 SDAH DURONTO EXP NEW DELHI 20:05 SEALDAH 12:25
9 12261 HOWRAH DURONTO MUMBAI CST 17:15 HOWRAH JN 19:40
12262 HWH CSTM DURONTO HOWRAH JN 08:20 MUMBAI CST 10:30
10 12263 NZM DURONTO EXP PUNE JN 11:10 H NIZAMUDDIN 07:10
12264 PUNE DURONTO EXP H NIZAMUDDIN 11:00 PUNE JN 07:20
11 12265 DEE JAT DURONTO DELHI S ROHILLA 22:15 JAMMU TAWI 07:10
12266 DURONTO EXPRESS JAMMU TAWI 19:25 DELHI S ROHILLA 04:00
12 12267 ADI DURANTO EXP MUMBAI CENTRAL 23:15 AHMEDABAD JN 06:00
12268 BCT DURANTO EXP AHMEDABAD JN 23:40 MUMBAI CENTRAL 06:15
13 12269 DURONTO EXPRESS CHENNAI CENTRAL 06:40 H NIZAMUDDIN 10:35
12270 MAS DURONTO EXP H NIZAMUDDIN 15:50 CHENNAI CENTRAL 20:10
14 12271 NDLS DURONTO EXP LUCKNOW NR 23:30 NEW DELHI 07:30
12272 LKO DURONTO EXP NEW DELHI 23:30 LUCKNOW NR 07:10
15 12273 HWH NDLS DURONTO HOWRAH JN 13:00 NEW DELHI 06:05
12274 HWH DURONTO EXP NEW DELHI 13:00 HOWRAH JN 06:00
16 12275 NDLS DURONTO EXP ALLAHABAD JN 22:40 NEW DELHI 06:05
12276 ALD DURONTO EXP NEW DELHI 23:00 ALLAHABAD JN 06:20
17 12277 HWH PURI DURONTO HOWRAH JN 14:25 PURI 21:40
12278 PURI HWH DURONTO PURI 06:45 HOWRAH JN 13:45
18 12281 BBS DURONTO EXP BHUBANESWAR 08:15 NEW DELHI 06:05
12282 BBS DURONTO EXP NEW DELHI 13:00 BHUBANESWAR 11:05
19 12283 ERS NZM DURONTO ERANAKULAM JN 23:30 H NIZAMUDDIN 19:30
12284 NZM ERS DURONTO H NIZAMUDDIN 21:35 ERANAKULAM JN 15:30
20 12285 NZM DURONTO EX SECUNDERABAD JN 13:30 H NIZAMUDDIN 10:35
12286 NZM SC DURONTO H NIZAMUDDIN 15:50 SECUNDERABAD JN 14:00
21 12289 NAGPUR DURONTO MUMBAI CST 20:15 NAGPUR 07:15
12290 NGP CSTM DURONTO NAGPUR 20:50 MUMBAI CST 07:50
22 12847 HWH DGHA DURONTO HOWRAH JN 11:15 DIGHA FLAG STN 14:15
12848 DGHA HWH DURONTO DIGHA FLAG STN 15:35 HOWRAH JN 18:35

Future Services

The proposed Duronto Trains announced in 2011-12 Railway Budget by Mamata Banerjee (Minister of Railways)[1]

  1. Allahabad-Mumbai AC Duronto (bi-weekly)
  2. Pune-Ahmedabad AC Duronto (tri-weekly)
  3. Sealdah-Puri non AC Duronto (tri-weekly)
  4. Secunderabad-Visakhapatnam AC Duronto (tri-weekly)
  5. Madurai-Chennai AC Duronto (bi-weekly)
  6. Chennai-Thiruvananthapuram AC Duronto (bi-weekly)
  7. Mumbai Central-New Delhi AC Duronto (bi-weekly)
  8. Nizamuddin-Ajmer non-AC Duronto (bi-weekly)
  9. Shalimar-Patna Duronto (tri-weekly)

The frequency of following Duronto Trains have been increased:

  1. Mumbai CST-Howrah Duronto Express from 2 days to 4 days
  2. Mumbai-Ahmedabad Duronto Express from 3 days to daily
  3. Sealdah-New Delhi Duronto Express from 2 days to 5 days
  4. Nagpur-Mumbai CST Duronto Express from 3 days to daily
  5. Howrah-Yesvantpur Duronto Express from 4 days to 5 days

See also

References

  1. ^ "First ever non-stop train service 'Duronto' introduced.". Economictimes (Times of India). 3 Jul 2009. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Budget09/Railway-Budget/Whats-in-it-for-You/Rail-Budget-2009-10-First-ever-non-stop-train-service-Duronto-introduced/articleshow/4733187.cms. Retrieved 16 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "India's fastest train, the Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi". Times of India. 15 February 2006. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/india/High-speed-rail-era-begins-in-India/articleshow/1415930.cms. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "The speed of Bhopal Shatabdi at 150km/h". The Hindu. Feb 09 2006. http://www.hindu.com/2006/02/09/stories/2006020913410100. Retrieved 22 September 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Bullet Trains Expected in India". Rediff. May 3, 2007. http://www.rediff.com/money/2007/may/03train.htm. Retrieved 20 September 2009. 
  5. ^ "India plans High Speed rail Service for Railways". Rediff. January 2009. http://www.rediff.com/money/2009/jan/19lalu-plans-bullet-trains-in-india.htm. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  6. ^ Gupta, Jayanta (4 July 2009). "Duronto' trains to fulfil need for speed". Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/city/kolkata-/Duronto-trains-to-fulfil-need-for-speed/articleshow/4735985.cms. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Non-stop point-to-point long-distance trains introduced in the Budget". Rediff. July 3, 2009. http://business.rediff.com/slide-show/2009/jul/03/slide-show-1-mamata-presents-pro-people-budget.htm. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Railway Minister announces 5 new trains for A.P.". The Hindu. 10 July 2009. http://www.hindu.com/2009/07/10/stories/2009071053940400.htm. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Kolkata-New Delhi Duronto Express!". My News.in. 19 September 2009. http://www.mynews.in/News/Kolkata_to_New_Delhi_in_16_hours_-_Duronto_Express!_N26166.html. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c "Details of Duronto Express". 8 September 2009. http://www.hindu.com/2009/09/08/stories/2009090859340400.htm. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Accommodation classes in Duronto Trains". The Hindu. Sep 16 2009. http://www.hindu.com/2009/09/16/stories/2009091657520400.htm. Retrieved 22 September 2009. "In the last before para before subheading-Passenger amenities" 
  12. ^ "Duronto Trains Will Be Faster Than Rajdhani". India TV. 03 Jul 2009. http://www.indiatvnews.com/main/newsdetails.php?id=1884. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  13. ^ "Duronto blazing new tracks". The Hindu. 21 September 2009. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2009/09/21/stories/2009092150190500.htm. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 

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