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Osman Mahmoud

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Osman Mahmoud
عثمان محمود
Regions with significant populations

Somali and Arabic


Islam (Sunni)

Related ethnic groups

Majeerteen, Mehri, Warsangeli and other Harti groups.

Osman Mahamud (Somali: Cusmaan Maxamuud, Arabic: عثمان محمود‎), also known as Cisman Mahmoud or Ismaan Mahamuud, is a Somali sub-clan. It forms a part of the Majeerteen sub-clan of the Harti confederation of Darod clans.



The Boqor, or clan-head, of Cisman Mahmoud serves as the nominal leader of the Harti group.[1] They have played an important role in the history of Somalia, contributing to the foundation of the country and assisting in the Somali people's development of nationhood and nationalism.[2][not in citation given][3][dead link]

The most notable members of the Cisman Mahmoud are the Sultan of Hobyo, Ali Yusuf Kenadid, and his brother, Osman Yuusuf Keenadiid, who invented the Osmanya script and ruled over much of what today is Puntland as far as Hobyo.[4]. The Cisman Mahmoud clan today primarily can be found in the Bari and Karkaar regions of Puntland, Jubbada Hoose region and the port city of Kismayo in southern Somalia. The clan also can be found settled in Oman and Yemen.

Clan tree

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001.[5][6]

Prominent figures


  1. ^ Gundel, Joakim; Ahmed A. Omar "Dharbaxo" (November 2006) (DOC), The predicament of the 'Oday': The role of traditional structures in security, rights, law and development in Somalia, Danish Refugee Council and Oxfam Novib, p. 15, http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLAWJUSTINST/Resources/GundelTheroleoftraditionalstructures_1.doc 
  2. ^ http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSOMALIA/Resources/conflictinsomalia.pdf
  3. ^ http://lnweb18.worldbank.org/es.PDF
  4. ^ The Majeerteen Sultanates
  5. ^ Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.55 Figure A-1
  6. ^ Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure, p. 43

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